This Day, 19-Aralık-2018, Çarşamba
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    Frequently Asked Questions

    What kind of training do you give?
    What are the features of the education system?
    Which languages do you study in?
    What certificate do I need to rent a boat?
    How long Bareboat Skipper training takes?
    Where will I stay during training?
    What kind of boat is used?
    Can I bring guests?
    What is the possibility of not being successful?
    How long are the certificates valid?
    What is included in the fee?
    What is not included in the fee?
    How can I register?
    How can I pay?
    Do I need health insurance?
    When does the training starts and ends?
    Which yacht and instructor will I get?
    Can I stay with my wife or friend in same cabin?
    Is IYT license valid in my own country?
    When can I get training?
    How early should I book?
    I want to get motor yacht certificate
    If I have sail or motor certificate, How can I get the other one?
  • What Kind of training do you give?

  • In general, we train with sailing boats around the Aegean coasts of Turkey starting from Marmaris. Training consists of both practical and theoretical parts. In general, theoretical topics are reinforced as on hand practical training. Education is given in the standard of the American-based IYT (International Yacht Training) company. School, instructors and boats are periodically checked to insure they have its own standards by IYT. MCA approved IYT certificates are valid almost anywhere in the world and they are the most widely accepted certificates. For example, With a Bareboat Skipper certificate that you alone can rent a boat and use almost anywhere in the world.

  • What are the features of the education system?

  • IYT (International Yacht Training) has the American system. It allows the students to be thought in their language. But at the same time, English terms are used for communication in sailing terms and boat has to be learned.

  • In which languages do you teach?

  • You can study in English, Turkish and Russian. English is the standard language. You need to organize other languages in advance.

  • What certificate do I need to rent a boat?

  • MCA approved IYT Bareboat Skipper certificate or the IC & C document of the European Union. It is equivalent to British standard RYA Day Skipper certificate.

  • How long Bareboat Skipper training takes?

  • Normal training is 3-step process. Each step is a 1-week course, International Crew, Flotilla Skipper and Bareboat Skipper. You can participate in these training sessions which take 1 week each at different times. In addition, it is possible to get the Bareboat Skipper license directly with 2 weeks intensive training in 14 days.

  • Where will I stay during training?

  • You will stay in cabins with double or single beds on the boat. Bed distribution is arranged by gender, being couple and the number of people on board.

  • What kind of boat is used?

  • Jeanneau Sun Odyssey 51 is the main training boat it is large, comfortable and very luxury. It is a fast and stable boat designed by Bruce Farr. In addition, other boats are used according to need.

  • Can I bring guests?

  • Guests on board will occupy a place which we cannot take another student. Therefore, you must pay the fee for the guest. Since the guest will not get a certificate, the fee will be less than a regular student. But as part of the sailing culture, all the work will have to be shared with other members of the boat.

  • What is the possibility of not getting a certificate?

  • Although there is a small possibility of not being successful. The majority of the participants become successful. Teachers work with students one-on-one and reinforce their weak areas. Students also have the chance of asking anytime. This is the advantage of spending 24 hours a day in the boat. But if you have problem with learning, not study, if you are not concentrating on training courses, naturally there is not much we can do left. Since the training is 3 levels, you will get the certificate of the level that you can pass, and then you can still come back and continue your education at that level.

  • How long are the certificates valid?

  • Renewal period is usually 5 years for most documents. It can be made via through our school or directly or through our IYT.

  • What is included in the fee?

  • Education, plus training materials (course booklet, examination and tests), IYT certificate, accommodation in the boat, the boat's fuel, and transit log, fresh water, electricity. All other costs shared by students.

  • What is not included in the fee?

  • Travel cost to the boat, bus, taxi, transfer fees, health insurance, food and beverage costs, insurance is not included.

  • How can I register?

  • First of all, review the Booking Plan in the webpage then select an appropriate route and date. You can use the contact form on your own, or get help by phone or email.

  • How can I make payment?

  • You can make wire transfer for deposit or prepayment. Our bank accounts are on the booking plan. You can also pay cash for the remainder of payment when you arrive to the boat.

  • Do I need health insurance?

  • As with all sports there is a chance that you can be injured or hurt. If your current health insurance does not cover, a separate insurance can be extended to cover water sports. This type of travel health insurance usually covers 30 days and they are usually around 35 to 50 euro.

  • When does the training starts and ends?

  • Training begins on Saturdays after 18:00. It is necessary to come before that. The students settle in to the boat, meet each other. Transit log and the necessary documents are prepared for training. (Application forms filled, training materials, delivery of passport and pictures etc.). The food drinks and other necessities for 1 week period are available in the shops inside and outside of the marina. It is useful to identify the common list of needs and take a visit to supermarket together to buy them in bulk is the easy and fun solution. Saturday night you can dine out in or near the marina restaurants, cafes, visit local bars and have some fun. Sunday after the breakfast, boat is prepared, there is also a briefing. Boat sails out Sunday afternoon. Return is usually Friday evening. If you finish your final exam, after cleaning the boat you can leave. You can also stay in the boat in Friday evening. Latest departure time is no later than 12:00 for the next group to arrive.

  • Which boat and instructors will I get?

  • School makes the boat distribution by the number of people in that week's group. Instructors will be determined by the language need of the group. The room and bed distribution in the boat will be based on number of people, gender and being couple.

  • Can I stay with my wife or friend in the same cabin?

  • If you make the reservation together, or if you have specified in particular at the time registration, you can make sure that you will stay together.

  • Is IYT license valid in my own country?

  • Since every country have their own jurisdiction on their own territory, Governments give their own licenses. So if you are a citizen of that country and sail on territory of that country, and the boat you sail have that country's flag on, you need to use their own license. But even if one of those constraints does not exist, than you can use IYT license. In general you can use IYT license in your own country with a foreign-flagged boat (i.e. charter). But there are also many countries who accepts IYT license besides their own license (you can check website for the list). IYT is the mostly accepted license in the world. Again, the same way, you can use a boat with your own country flag anywhere else in the world.

  • When can I get training?

  • You can study at Marmaris 12 months a year. It is just that in November to March weather will be windy and there is more chance of rain, basically like spring. In this period, Boat is not crowded, you have better chance to find the date you want, the instructor will work with you much more closely. We use school building for the theoretical lessons at that period and sail out for practical training.

  • How early should I book?

  • Booking plan is real time. You can book the dates that appears empty, even for 1 day in advance. Places for holidays, national holidays, and high season from May to October in particular will be filled quickly, so it is a good idea to book early.

  • I want to get motor yacht certificate

  • Sail or motor can be taken as IYT certificate. You can get sail training almost every week. Demand of Motor yacht training is much less, so you must wait for a group. We have to create a group of at least 4 students. Motor yacht, especially in terms of fuel costs forces to make a group due to lack of demand.

  • If I have sail or motor certificate how can I get the other?

  • If you have sail or motor yacht certificate, you can get the other one with just getting the difference module and the exam. IYT has a modular education system.

    Visa procedures

    To enter Istanbul or Turkey for that matter, most tourists will need some kind of visa. However, there are a few visa types, several ways to obtain your visa and different fees to pay. It all depends on your passport type, country of origin and the purpose of your visit. Follow these four steps to determine the easiest and cheapest way to get your visa.

    #1 What Kind of Passport Do You Have?

    You're probably not aware of this, but there are several passport types: diplomatic, special, service (together the so called official passports), and ordinary passports. Unless you are on a mission for your government (such as ambassadors, consuls, etc.) you are the holder of an ordinary passport. Also make sure that your passport is valid for minimum 90 days longer than the duration of the visa. So, if you will receive a 90 day visa, make sure your passport's validity is at least 180 days.

    #2 What Is Your Country of Origin?

    There is often quite a bit of confusion about this one. This does not mean what country you are travelling from before entering Turkey. No, this simply means what country issued your passport. So, if you are travelling with an American passport, then your country of origin is the United States of America. If you have two passports, check out both options, and chose the one which offers the easiest and/or cheapest visa procedure.

    #3 What Visa Type Do I Need – If Any?

    So now we've established that you have an ordinary visa, it's time to hop over to the site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Turkish Republic. You'll see an alphabetic list of countries. Look for the country that issued the passport you're planning to use. It will say what passport holders are exempt from a visa, and which ones are required to obtain a visa. It will also explain what kind of visa (single or multiple entries) you'll get, as well as its validity or duration.

    If it says:

    - Ordinary passport holders are exempt from visa for [...] days. — You're among the lucky ones because you don't need a visa. All you need is a valid passport.

    - Ordinary passport holders can obtain [...] visas at the Turkish border gates. — You do need a visa to enter, but you can buy the so called sticker visa at the airport after landing in Istanbul. This is by far the easiest procedure for people that need a visa to enter Turkey.

    All you need is a valid passport and some cash money. You hand over your passport to the clerk sitting in the booth next to the border control, and he'll paste a sticker in your passport. That's it, no questions asked; just a swift money transaction and you're all set. This means that your country is on the shortlist of people that can buy a visa after arriving in Turkey, but before going through the border control. If that's the case, I strongly recommend you to choose this option. No hassle, no paperwork, no forms to be filled out.

    You pay them the fee due, they put a sticker in your passport, and you're all set. Make sure though that your passport has a validity of at least six months. How much does it cost? This again varies from country to country, so check out the latest visa fees at Turkish border gates. (I know it still says 2010, but they are the official and valid prices).

    Important: make sure you bring the correct amount, in cash (no credit cards) and in the correct currency — there are no exceptions!

    - Ordinary passport holders are required to have visa to enter Turkey.

    - If it only says that and nothing extra, then you should apply for a Turkish visa before you set off for Turkey. Here you can find the Turkish representation in your country. Start this procedure well in time, because this may take up to a month to complete.

    #4 What Can I Do With My Visa?

    Based on your country of origin, they'll provide you a 'multiple entry visa' (müteaddit giriş) or a 'single entry visa' (tek giriş). These terms are pretty self-explanatory. With a multiple entry visa you are allowed to travel in and out of the country for as long as your visa is valid. If you leave the country with a single entry visa, then you'll have to buy or obtain a new one before you can enter again. All visas mentioned here are tourist visas.

    Under no circumstances are you allowed to work in Turkey. Foreigners, who want to shoot a documentary film, conduct a research or an archaeological excavation should get a special permission from the Turkish authorities in advance. Visa regime for truck drivers of a country may differ from the overall visa regime effective for citizens of that particular country. For further information, please contact a Turkish representation in your country.

    Important note: under no circumstances are you allowed to work with your tourist visa. You also don't want to overstay your visa since these fines grow rapidly That's it; you're all set to go. Have a nice stay.

    TURKISH CONSULATE TOURIST VISA REQUIREMENTS: Email Requirements

    A valid passport and visa are required to visit Turkey.

    1- Passport Requirements: Original, signed passport valid for 6 months beyond stay in Turkey, with at least one blank visa page available for Turkey visa stamp. Amendment pages in the back of the passport are not suitable for Turkish visas.

    2- Turkish Visa Application Form: One original Turkey visa application per applicant properly completed and signed, plus one copy. Improperly completed Turkish visa application forms may delay the processing of your Turkey visa.

    3- Photo Requirements: One recent 2 x 2 passport type photograph, in color, front view and with a plain/light background.

    4- Proof Of Departure: a computer generated flight itinerary from the airline or travel agency or copy of airline tickets showing round-trip or onward travel to Turkey.

    5- Special Instructions: Cruise line passengers do not need a visa to travel to Turkey if they are visiting ports of calls and not flying in or out from Turkey.

    Turkey Visa Validity: Turkish visas are generally issued for single or multiple entries, with a maximum stay of up to 90 days per entry, for a period of up to one year at the discretion of the Turkish Consulate.

    Turkish Visa Processing Time: Turkey visas are usually processed in 4 to 10 business days. Rush and Emergency visa service may be available under certain circumstances at the discretion of the Turkish Consulate.

    In order to ensure that visa applications for most embassies/consulates are submitted on the day that we receive them, they should be shipped to us via FedEx Priority Overnight (not First Overnight or Standard Overnight).

    Non-refundable tickets or reservations should not be purchased until all visas and passports are secured and in your possession.

    Marmaris Transportation

    Air Transport

    For those who come by plane to the nearest airport is Dalaman (90 km). Bodrum-Milas airport 140 km, Izmir Adnan Menderes airport 284 km, from Antalya airport the 281 km away. There are buses from airport to Marmaris. Taxis are also available.

    For information on flights

    Dalaman Airport Tel: (+90-252) 792 52 91, Bodrum Airport Tel: (+90-252) 523 01 29

    Land Transport

    There are regular to Marmaris bus service from many cities like Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Denizli, Mugla and Antalya. Various Distances: Mugla: 56 km, Bodrum, Turkey: 173 km, Dalaman: 88 km, Transportation: 41 km, Datca: 75 km, Koycegiz: 57 km, İçmeler: 10 km, Gökova: 32 km, Kumlubük: 24 km, Turunc: 21 km, Orhaniye: 30 km, Selimiye: 70 km, Bozburun: 75 km, Willow: 60 km, Karacasogut: 35 km, Glass: 25 km.

    Sea Transportation

    There are regular Hydrofoil, catamaran, ferry and boat trips from Bodrum and Marmaris to Rhodes and at summer season to some Greek islands available. Ticket and travel agents should be sought for further information. 50 minutes from Marmaris and 70 min from Bodrum to Rhodes.

    Marinas - Scaffolding - phone numbers of Berths

    Netsel Marina: 412 27 08, the Municipal Yacht Harbor: 412 28 68, Albatros Marina: 412 24 56, Yacht Marine: 422 00 22, Marti Marina (Orhaniye): 487 10 63

    Local transportation

    There are regular minibus routes serving Armutalan, Beldibi, İçmeler, Siteler. Another option is taxis which you can find at many taxis stops. There is also bus transportation to many nearby towns by buses or minibuses. They depart from the bus station.

    Bus station phone: (0252) 412 30 37

    What to bring to boat

    First of all you cannot bring bulky luggage to the boat. Space is very valuable in boats. Therefore, you should use soft and foldable bag like sports bag. Life in the boat is much more simple and practical. You should avoid bringing a lot of unnecessary things as on regular vacations. Items that you bring should the practical, sporty, and should be necessary. The following list will help you in this regard.

    As a requirement of modern life, many electronic devices have become part of our lives. We recommend you to leave them in home; you might bring some of them. There is only 12V power in boats unless moored to a pier which has outlets. So if you want to charge devices, you should bring car lighter adapters. Even if you bring 220V adapters, you cannot use them except some places which have power connection. Many restaurants only have limited generator power.

    A waterproof waist bag to store things like passport, credit cards, foreign exchange, and insurance would be very useful. Seasickness is a condition that sometimes even the experienced sailors can have. If you are not sure, bring high quality medication to keep the sea. Your travel will be much more enjoyable.

    Materials needed for summer programs

    1 – 2 Hats (usually 1 of them flies to the sea)
    2 - Sunglasses
    3 - a casual pants and shorts
    4 - Short-sleeved t-shirts
    5 - Long-sleeved t-shirt (for the sun protection)
    6 - Clean shoes with white rubber bottom, sport shoes
    7 - Polar or sweater
    8 – Wind breaker coat (not too thick)
    9 - Underwear and socks
    10 - Swimsuit and towel
    11 - Shampoo
    12 - Sun cream and lip moist. (15-30 proof)
    13 - Spare shorts, socks and underwear
    14 - Special medicines
    15 - Sleeping bag or blanket (pillows, sheets and pillowcases are in your goat.)
    16 - Sailing gloves.
    17 - Slippers (for marinas)
    18 – Ties for Glasses
    19 - Hygienic kit (toothbrush, toothpaste, shaving kit ...)
    20 - CDs, books, magazines
    21 - Food: Participants will do the shopping together. We recommend you to bring only very special food requirements.

    Materials required for winter programs

    1 - Hats, Wool Hats
    2 - Sunglasses
    3 - comfortable pants
    4 - Clean shoes with white rubber bottom, sport shoes
    5 - The rainy weather, waterproof boots or shoes
    6 - Polar or wool sweater
    7 - Water-resistant thick coats.
    8 - Water-tight jumpsuit pants (not required, if applicable)
    9- Spare pants, sweaters, socks and underwear
    10 - Sailing Gloves
    11 - Lip cream
    12 - Special medicines
    13 - sandwich for lunch, apple or banana.


    Life in A Boat

    Boats cabins (rooms) are usually equipped to meet all your needs but they are not very large. We recommend you to bring easily collapsible bags enabling you to place your belongings in cabins. You should bring beach towel, sun glasses, sun cream, sports shoes for short land tours, hat, and, of course, your book. A light cloth will protect you from Cool summer evenings. If there is medicine you should take regularly, please don’t forget to bring them and you must provide information on this issue to the boat captain and relatives.

    Walking around deck and cabins with shoes is strictly prohibited, If you are offended by walking barefoot on a boat, you must bring special boat shoes or soft-soled slippers. All yachts have limited water tanks so you should be careful about water consumption and wasting water should be avoided. Smoking is strictly prohibited inside the boat, we kindly request that you should be sensitive in this regard. Smoking on deck is allowed but you should be considerate about others and be careful on windy weather deck. You maximum attention is requested to avoid unwanted situations.

    You have to keep your special belongings in a safe place in order to prevent them fly off to the sea especially on the way. Toilets must be used clean and toilet paper should be discarded to the trash can. Foreign matters must be discarded to toilets otherwise toilets can be become out of use easily till end of trip. You should give information to captain when you leave the boat in harbors and bays and watch for hours of departure. The captain should be informed on everything and be aware of unusual circumstances. You should not jump to sea till engine stops and captain lets you especially during docking and anchoring.

    Service boats, water sports equipment should not be used without the knowledge of the captain. All portholes (cabin windows) should be kept closed on cruising times. You should be careful walking on varnish-painted floors inside the boat especially with bare feet, you can easily slip. You should inform the captain regarding chronic disturbances and allergic problems before the tour and all the precautions like bringing medicine and medical tools in case. You could be miles away the land or a medical facility when you have a crisis.

    You should participate to all briefs given by captain, and ask questions when you don’t understand. Captain might change the route or the stops if He deems necessary for the safety of life and property (i.e. weather or sea conditions) and his decisions are final. First comply with the Code of Safety

    in a cruising sailing boat where to seat have importance. You should ask where to hold on and where to seat. You should listen the captain carefully especially during tacks (turning with sails on). Do not walk around deck without shoes during sailing, you can lose your balance and fall down. Do not do anything without asking likes loosening of the ropes (knots), playing with winches, cranes and pulleys. Do not touch electronic devices.

    You should learn the locations of life jackets on board and listen to the captain carefully about how to use them. You should put them on if the captain wants (especially rough weather and night voyages). Do not forget that challenging the captain is not proper with the boat life. Those who objected will be left to the first deserted island. If you fall into the sea, do not swim to the boat; just swim to the life jacket or life sling thrown to you from the boat. Just try to stay float on sea, don’t change your location and try to not get excited. Boat will come back to you, it is just maneuvering.

    If you see someone else fall into sea, immediately throw life sling or life jacket, notify the captain, shout “Man overboard”. Try not to lose that person from your view. Learn how to use fire extinguishers and locations of them (Very Important). Do not smoke especially inside the boat, flammable and explosive gases from the batteries can cause fire. After putting on sun cream on your skin, do not lay without a towel, otherwise oily area may cause an accident. Do not untie any knots without prompting. Ask the captain to where to dry your swimsuits and towels.



    When you go down inside the boat (cabins), turn your back stepping down the stairs and hold on to side handles. Apply the principle of three-points (especially on the deck). During the cruise you must close all the hatches in your cabin. In saloon or cabin, stow away all heavy or breakable things like glass bottles, kitchen ware, pots and pans. Do not put anything on navigation table, if captain put something on navigation table, do not take it. When you use the swimming ladder, gently turn your back and go down the stairs.

    Water Usage

    You should use water carefully because of the limited fresh water supply on the boat. It is just like your home and there is a 3 day water water cut. For example take your shower once after your last swim. You will jump to sea many times throughout the day so using shower each time will be waste of fresh water. Also you would be a target for bees who can not find fresh water. Dishes are washed with sea water, rinsed with fresh water. Vegetables in particular can be washed with sea water. You can cook potatoes, eggs, stewed octopus with sea water.

    Use of Toilet

    Take a short briefing from captain regarding using boat toilets. Nothing can be thrown into the boat toilet including toilet paper. It is a good idea turn on the music before you use toilets. You will be more comfortable if you consume soft drinks less. If you pump lots of sea water to toilets, dirty water tanks will be filled quickly then boat have to sail out to pump out the dirty water. When finished, leave small amount of water in the toilet bowl, so that it would not smell.

    Use of Electricity

    All the energy required for the boat comes from batteries. So close all curcuits when you don’t use. Lamps need to be turned off immediately after the use. One of the most important things is refrigirators and also one of the biggest consumer of electricity. Door of refrigirator must be closed within a very short period of time. You should buy cold drinks from market so that refrigirator works less.

    Food containers should be sealed in a way not to leak into refrigirator. Food containers should be placed in an unbreakable way or not to fall over. There is 12V power onboard supplied from batteries. Mobile phone, notebook, mp3 player can be charged by car adapter. Do not to charge your devices unless you really need them. 220V will be possible only in some places which use land line connection. Many places use generator and do not supply 220V to boats.

    Waste and Environmental Pollution

    Do not throw anything to sea which yourself or fish can not eat or which will create visual pollution. Use soap and detergent as little as possible. Buy marine type cleaers. Sound can be heard from far away on the sea very easily. Be careful about the noise. Your conversations and music must not disturb other boats. Turn off the music and conversations during the captain's commands on maneuvers.

    In summary

    » Life jackets are under your bed.
    » Never ever press any buttons you do not know. Never change direction or location of a valve or hose. If you see or feel problem, do not intervene and please immediately inform the captain.
    » Never throw toilet paper, hair, trash, to toilets. Do not throw butts. There's nothing more inconvenience than a toilet which does not work at sea.
    » If you feel a discomfort in your body, contact the captain.
    » Do not smoke in the cabins in terms of risk of fire and smoke alarms.
    » Please do not to use cups without protectors.
    » Do not leave electrical equipment plugged in unattended, especially in your cabin.
    » Cruising in: please be carefull about using fresh water and electricity.
    » Use areas are limited in boats; place your possessions, especially fragile ones, in places which will not fall and break with waves. Ask for empty place for you lugguage.
    » Never use regular shoes in boat. Never wander inside the boat barefoot to prevent possibility of skin damage due to chemicals used to clean boats and sensitivity of wooden material. Instead try using towel socks.
    » Use the hooks to fix your you cabin doors. Because of waves doors can move violently and can cause serious injury.
    » Be careful to not forget to close hatches especially during cruising or washing.
    » Deck polyester surfaces are extremely slippery, especially when wet and can cause severe injury.
    » Life at Sea is literally collective. The person %100 responsible for your comfort and your safety on board is the captain. Please cooperate with them.

    While there are some many rules, the sea life is still very beautiful.


    About Marmaris











    There is a unique bay which is opening of a heaven where the Aegean and the Mediterranean embraces. It lays its back to the green of pine forests. Marmaris, Once Herodotus said "with the world's most beautiful sky," is a modern tourist city.

    The Location of Marmaris

    Marmaris is a district center at Mugla province of Aegean Region. It is in front of a bay which partially closed by islands and the edge of the peninsula at SW of Turkey, an area between the Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea. Marmaris is on 36 ° 51 ¹ N longitude, 28 ° 16 ¹ E altitude. Marmaris is surrounded by the Gulf of Kerme and Reşadiye Peninsula from the west, Mugla from north and Mount Balan, Montenegro hills from east and sea from the south. There is a semi island called Adaköy in front of the shore of the bay, in front of it there are Badr Island, Goat Island and Pigeon. The oldest settlement of town is Castle district which is built on a hill of limestone stretched out to the sea. Marmaris then has developed along the coast, and skirts to the right.

    Its position makes it easy to reach to both Marmaris and nearby locations which smells history and natural beauty. Dalaman airport is only an hour away. Bus station makes other cities within easy reach. There are so many nearby historical and natural beauties around Marmaris which you can arrange daily tours to visit and continue your evening in Marmaris night life. Marmaris also is a good location to visit Greek islands like Rodos which is only 45 minutes away and there are daily tours. Yachts routes usually have Marmaris drop. Pristine bays will meet you whether you sail with bareboat or sail on the deck of gullet. There are all the most extensive offerings of a high-capacity yacht marina such as wintering, maintenance, repair facilities for 12 months.

    History

    Marmaris history goes up to BC 12000. It has been confirmed as a result of Nimara excavations in the cave of the Badr Island in 2007. Then Caria name is given to this region which means Kar country. Fertility of Aegean and Mediterranean coasts has made this area attractive. City was the most important bridge to Aegean islands and Rhodes. Thus, Marmaris has become a place of many civilizations reigns throughout the history. In trips to region you can see traces of Karia, Rhodes and the island civilizations, Egyptian, Assyrian, Ionian, Persians, Macedonians, Syrians, Romans, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman civilizations. The first name of the city is fiskos. Today you can see the ruins at the so-called Combined Asartepe.

    BC 3500 the first city walls are built for Fiskos, a city of Karian. You can watch the ruins of Fiskos from Asar hill north-eastern slopes in Marmaris Beldibi. At BC 7000 YY Loryma the ancient city (today in the Gulf of Symi, Bozukkale in Taslica) is established.

    BC 546 of Persia dominance in the region.

    BC 334 Alexander the Great invaded the region.

    BC 323 Alexander the Great dies. Even Caria enters the sovereignty of the kingdom of Pergamum; Fiskos is the most important port city of Egypt / Rhodes, Empire in Southwest Anatolia.

    BC 226 severe earthquake occurs.

    BC 133 Roman dominance in the region.

    AC 395 the Byzantine period.

    AC 670 the beginning of the Arab invasion. Many cities destroyed as a result of these raids.

    AC 1010-1286 Period of Turcoman tribes and the Anatolian Seljuk State. First residential units established in the Tepe (Peak) District and The name "Mermeris" was given.

    AC 1286 Menteshe period. In the 1300 Mermeris is an important port for both commercial and military point of view, as in ancient times, Fiskos was,

    AC 1300 plays an important role as a naval base conquest of the island of Rhodes by the Menteshe. An important port of loading for Marble and timber trade in the Eastern Mediterranean

    AC 1391 Ottoman dominance in the region after the death of Ghazi Ahmed.

    AC 1402 Menteshe sovereignty begins again after Ankara war by the order of Timurlenk.

    AC 1451 restarting of the Ottoman dominance in the region.

    AC 1480 Fatih Sultan Mehmet, and 100,000 soldiers comes, Mermeris to conquer the island of Rhodes with Navy's 150 ships. Strong Ottoman conquest lasted 89 days has failed.

    AC 1517 population of Mermeris 24 people.

    AC 1520-1522 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent comes Mermeris for expedition to Rhodes with 150,000-person army. They conquest Rhodes. He orders the construction a castle, a caravanserai and bridge covering the full range of today's Kısayalı shoreline.

    AC 1525 Mermeris becomes a district under Mugla province.

    AC 1545 completed the construction of the caravanserai and castle.

    AC 1565 Exportation of Sweet gum oil (Storax Orientale) starts for up to 100,000 pounds a year. Mermeris have the only Sweetgum oil in the World. It makes big splash in Europe.

    AC 1789 Mosque of Ibrahim Agha made.

    1801 for the first time in history, a naval "Extraction Exercise" is done by 200 British war ships for a period of approximately three months.

    AC 1800-1850 The prisoners from the wars of Egypt and Syria are brought to Mermeris.

    AC 1890 Mining begins. Importing countries are Germany, France and Italy. The annual volume exceeds 50,000 tons.

    AC 1913 World War I. A German battleship hides in the port of Marmaris.

    AC 1914 French fleet fire cannons to Marmaris Castle. A great destruction occurs.

    AC 1919 Sevres Treaty between Italy and Greece gets along, and the Italians occupied the region.

    AC 1922 On 22 July, the Italian soldiers leave Marmaris and Marmaris is free.

    Ancient Cities in Marmaris

    Ancient settlements within the boundaries of Marmaris are as follows: Physkos (Beldibi, Asartepe), Amos (Hisaronu, Turunc), Bybassos (Hisaronu), Kastabos (Hisaronu), Smyrna (Bayırköy), Larymna (Bozburun), Thyssanos (Söğütköy), Phoenix (Taslica), Loryma (Bozukkale) by contracting (Walker's Port), Kedrai (Cedar Island), Euthena and Amnistos (Karacasogut). They are small cities of Caria including Physkos. But none of the others reach beyond the walls and the castle ruins besides Physkos.

    Physkos, Physcus, Fyskos, Fisk, Fiske

    Fiskos was the first port city and center of other settlements in the region of Caria. Fiskos in Carian language means "Nature city". This name is created because it has all the elements of nature and its beauty within. Known marks go back to 3400 BC. You can see the ruins of this important port town of ancient Caria around Asar hill north of Marmaris city center. However, today only top of city walls on the acropolis stayed. Just like all Caria layouts were established on steep mountain slopes of the hills, Fiskos was settled between the hills and valleys and slopes of the Beldibi Camiavlu.

    Herodotus of Bodrum (the father of all historians) and famous geographer Strabo the Amasya mentions about Fiskos in ancient times, as the port of Ephesus and Mylasa for the Eastern Mediterranean. Throughout the existing sovereignties of Southwest Anatolia, It was the only and most important port for the Mediterranean, especially the Eastern Mediterranean. An important road network existed long which connects Fiskos to ancient capitals Mylasa, Alabanda, Troy, Pergamum, Ephesus and Miletus emphasize the importance for the port relations with overseas, especially the "mother country" with Egypt.

    Initially, all kinds of trade (the Slave, marble, timber and wine) started with Egyptian, the relations expands with military and civilization. Carian mercenaries involved in the Famous Kadesh war for Hittites have been transported by ship from the port of Fiskos. They joined to Egyptians wars later. Some parts of these Mercenaries formed their own cities (4 pieces) and settled in the Nile Delta. Indeed, the first Carian inscriptions were found here. For the first time Egyptian art of making statues of normal human enters to Southwest Anatolia and the islands was from Fiskos.

    Making its own money proves Fiskos was an important center. A very precious metal coin was found in the hands of a collector Mr. Borell of England in 1828. This money is very large, thick, and the extraordinary lengths that has the relief portraying branched horns and a writing of single line with 18 Carian letters "Sigma Phi UPSILON $ Y 2" on the face.

    Fiskos joins to Empire of Egypt-Rhodes after the death of Alexander the Great. In this period the level of importance as a commercial port increased. And this position continued later in Roman and Byzantine periods. It is interesting that King of England VIII, Henry mentions about Fiskos in a document in 1513. In addition, the Museum of the Boston Museum specifies that an exhibited marble bust of Roman Emperor, the young Tiberius (Bust of Tiberius) was found in Marmaris (Old Physkos).

    Numerous statues, blocs of sculptures and the tablets were found which starts from 4th century BC, especially around Eyiliktaşı. According to archaeologist George Bean, Even though various civilizations throughout history existed in Marmaris, there is a scarcity of surviving remains for so many of them. Since Fiskos was an always an important port city, they were not buried under ground. In contrast they were loaded to ships piece by piece and were used in other city projects. Because the hill slopes city was established are still evident today. Only famous harbor of Fiskos is under ground.

    Name Origin of Marmaris

    The city was founded on the hill where Marmaris is now by early settlers of Turkmen during Byzantine period. It was named as mermer town (Marble). During the rule of the golden age of Menteseogullari, thanks to international trade, Mermeris (marble city) was the name. It replaced the Fiskos role in ancient times which was ruined and extinct because of Natural disasters, looting and taking share from pillage until 1522. . "Mermeris" The name, Greek Marmaras, Italian (Latin) Marmarice / Marmaris, Marmorice to English, as, according to interest translated into actuality. The name of Marmaris was heavily used during the Italian occupation of World War. It was formalized with the Republican era.

    Herodotus Bodrum and the famous geographer Strabo of Amasya'lı mentions about Fiskos in ancient times. Both of them settled in their peak periods. It is impossible that they call Marmaris with the name of Marmarisos. Where they have lived must be under the sea, or must have been an island. According to one saying, Suleiman the Magnificent Suleiman the Magnificent still did not like the castle in Marmaris he has ordered. And Marmaris name comes from Mimar as (Hang Architect).



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